Students’ Continuance Intention to Experience Virtual and Remote Labs in Engineering and Scientific Education

Muhua Zhang, Yanyan Li


Virtual and Remote Labs (VRLs) had been widely used in Engineering and Scientific Education in recent years. The purpose of this study was to explore the students’ satisfaction of VRLs and their continuance intention to experience VRLs in future study. The VRL developed by Unity3D PRO was integrated into an undergraduate course named “Introduction to computer science”. 240 college students from China Three Gorges University took the course and had the virtual and remote laboratory experience for 16 weeks. Students’ satisfaction and continuance intention were investigated by a three-part questionnaire based on the Expectation-Confirmation Model and Flow Theory. SPSS 19.0 was used for the quantitative analysis. The results indicated that the flow experience of students in VRL was at general level while the female students’ perception of flow was higher than the males. Correlation analysis found that the flow experience had an extremely significant correlation with the students’ perceived usefulness, confirmation, satisfaction and continuous intention. Stepwise regression analysis found that flow experience, perceived usefulness and satisfaction were all positive predictor of the students’ continuance intention. Finally, some suggestions for integrating VRLs in engineering and scientific education were provided.


Virtual and remote labs (VRLs); Expectation-Confirmation Model (ECM); Flow; Continuance Intention; Quantitative research

Full Text:


Copyright (c) 2019 Muhua Zhang, Yanyan Li

International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET) – eISSN: 1863-0383
Creative Commons License
Scopus logo Clarivate Analyatics ESCI logo EI Compendex logo IET Inspec logo DOAJ logo DBLP logo Learntechlib logo EBSCO logo Ulrich's logo Google Scholar logo MAS logo