Experts’ Consensus to Identify Elements of Career Management Competencies in Work-Based Learning (WBL) Program Using Fuzzy Delphi Analysis

Hazlina Marwan, Azita Ali


This study aimed to obtain experts’ opinion and consensus on the elements of career management competencies that can be developed through the Work-Based Learning (WBL) program in polytechnic. The research was used the Fuzzy Delphi Method (FDM) to obtain the result. An expert questionnaire based on the mapping analysis from the relevant document analysis and expert interviews has been constructed. This questionnaire contains 3 domains with 35 items and was administered to 16 respondents. Respondents of this study are experts who are appointed according to the expertise and experience in the implementation of WBL, particularly in polytechnic. The result of the analysis found that 31 elements in line with the FDM condition, which is the threshold value (d) surpass 0.2, group consensus among experts surpassing 75% and Fuzzy Score (A) exceeds 0.5. It indicates that all the experts had reached a strong consensus. Meanwhile, there are 4 elements were dropped due to did not meet the fuzzy score requirements. All elements of career management competencies were arranged by need and tailored according to experts ' recommendations. Our study underlines the importance of actual work experience through Work-Based Learning (WBL) to nurture the existence of career management competencies among polytechnics' students which may highly relevant to their career development. Thus, this study provides useful findings that can be used as material for research particularly in the field of career development learning, experiential learning, and tertiary education. As a result, this study produces a list of elements of career management competencies that are crucial for the graduate in an appropriate occupational direction. The result also may offer useful guidance to young workers to enter the labor market as a career-ready and competitive worker.


Work-Based Learning (WBL), Fuzzy Delphi Method (FDM), Career Man-agement Competencies, Career Development, Polytechnic

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Copyright (c) 2019 Hazlina Marwan, Azita Ali

International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET) – eISSN: 1863-0383
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