Virtual Reality and BIM Methodology as Teaching- Learning Improvement Tools for Sanitary Engineering Courses




virtual design, BIM, plumbing systems, virtual reality, architecture, civil engineering


Virtual Reality (VR) is the term often used to describe a 3D environment where objects and images of the real world are simulated through technology. In Architecture or Civil Engineering, the design process with 2D planes could lead to error due to misinterpretation in the visualisation of elements. The civil engineering programme of a University mandates teaching of the BIM methodology in all courses, allowing the students to learn about the organisation and optimisation of projects from design to construction. The engineering students are required to manage many variables with BIM methodology, especially in mechanical, electrical and plumbing systems (MEP). Nevertheless, the BIM´s teaching method could be enriched by analysing 3D project models using virtual reality (VR). Whereas BIM organises and optimises a project through a 3D model, VR can introduce the user into a model very close to reality, improving the interpretation and analysis of details. The present study contributes to the implementation of a Plumbing Engineering course in a Civil Engineering programme. The proposed methodology was applied in an experimental group of undergraduate students and test results compared with a corresponding group that made used of a traditional approach. Based on the results of the study, students can visualise the accessories and recognise a good design in a creative and innovative way using the VR–BIM method

Author Biographies

Verónica Paola Rossado Espinoza, Universidad de Lima

Verónica P. Rossado Espinoza is an architect from Universidad Ricardo Palma, Peru, with a master’s degree in higher education and PhD in education. She is currently a professor at Universidad de Lima in the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture and Universidad Ricardo Palma in the Faculty of Architecture.

Daniel Cardenas-Salas, Universidad de Lima

Daniel Cárdenas-Salas is a systems engineer from Universidad de Lima, in Lima, Peru, with a master’s degree in technology innovation management from Carleton University, Canada. He currently leads an innovation laboratory at Universidad de Lima in the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture.

Angela Cabrera, Universidad de Lima

Angela Cabrera Lau is an architect with a master’s degree in modern construction management, with more than 32 years of experience in the construction of architectural buildings, 21 years in undergraduate teaching and 5 years as a professor at Universidad de Lima, teaching the courses of Facilities I and Facilities II.

Lucía Coronel, Universidad de Lima

Lucia Cristina Coronel Castromonte is a currently a student of the master’s in science at Politecnico di Milano in the fields of Urban Planning and Policy Design. She holds a bachelor’s degree in architecture and a diploma of specialty in History and Conservation of Architectural Heritage at University of Lima. She is certified by Autodesk in Revit Architecture and Revit MEP tools. She was a researcher collabora-tor at the Scientific Research Institute (IDIC) at University of Lima in 2016 and 20




How to Cite

Rossado Espinoza, V. P., Cardenas-Salas, D., Cabrera, A., & Coronel, L. (2021). Virtual Reality and BIM Methodology as Teaching- Learning Improvement Tools for Sanitary Engineering Courses. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 16(06), pp. 20–39.