Analysis of Conditions for Reliable Predictions by Moodle Machine Learning Models

László Bognár, Tibor Fauszt, Gábor Zsolt Nagy

Abstract


In this paper the issue of bias-variance trade-off in building and operating Moodle Machine Learning (ML) models are discussed to avoid traps of get-ting unreliable predictions. Moodle is one of the world’s most popular open source Learning Management System (LMS) with millions of users. Although since Moodle 3.4 release it is possible to create ML models within the LMS system very few studies have been published so far about the conditions of its proper application. Using these models as black boxes hold serious risks to get unreliable predictions and false alarms. From a comprehensive study of differently built machine learning models elaborated at the University of Dunaújváros in Hungary, one specific issue is addressed here, namely the in-fluence of the size and the row-column ratio of the predictor matrix on the goodness of the predictions. In the so-called Time Splitting Method in Moo-dle Learning Analytics the effect of varying numbers of time splits and of predictors has also been studied to see their influence on the bias and the variance of the models. An Applied Statistics course is used to demonstrate the consequences of the different model set up.

Keywords


machine learning; online learning; student success; Moodle

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Copyright (c) 2021 László Bognár, Tibor Fauszt, Gábor Zsolt Nagy


International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET) – eISSN: 1863-0383
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