Predictors of the Use of ICTS in Higher Education: Relevance and Readiness of Universities for Their Implementation

Elena Tokareva, Olga Malysheva, Yulia Smirnova, Larisa Orchakova

Abstract


Nowadays higher education that does not implement information and communication technologies (ICTs) is inconceivable; this places new demands on the level of qualification of teachers and the development of professional competencies in students. Therefore, the study of the readiness of universities for the introduction of ICTs is a relevant issue. The purpose of the research is to determine the predictors of the readiness of higher educational institutions for the introduction of ICTs. For this purpose, 218 students and 196 teachers of Moscow City University (Russia) were interviewed. The respondents were asked to fill in a specially designed questionnaire that included 40 key questions aimed at assessing the use of ICTs and their impact on student performance. The data analysis involved the following two steps: determining the level of ICT use in the educational process and comparing the indicators of the two groups of respondents - students and teachers. Lack of awareness of students on the introduction of new methods of learning in the educational institution was revealed in the course of the study. Although students and teachers note the steady development of the use of ICT in the educational process, they are not inclined to assess this area as the leading strategic goal of the institution. The primary task of ICT use in higher education is to train teachers and improve their skills. The use of ICT improves the quality of education and competitiveness of higher educational institutions, contributes to the development of professional competencies, but does not have a significant impact on the academic performance of students. Predictors of the use of ICTs in higher education are blended learning focused on the use of online technologies and independent work of students, virtual laboratories, as well as the development of open education and the MOOC system. The development of standardized quality control criteria will ensure the equality of diplomas in online and offline education.

Keywords


distance learning; higher educational institution; ICTs (information and communication technologies); predictors; quality of education; students; teachers

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Copyright (c) 2021 Elena Tokareva, Olga Malysheva, Yulia Smirnova, Larisa Orchakova


International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET) – eISSN: 1863-0383
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