Understanding the Behavioural Patterns of University Teachers Toward Using a Learning Management System

Chien-Yuan Su, Yu-Hang Li, Cheng-Huan Chen

Abstract


Recent research has been very attentive to the examination of learners’ behavioural patterns of using learning management systems (LMS), but these studies seldom address the diversity in the LMS usage behaviours of teachers. This study aimed to discover the behavioural patterns of university instructors regarding the use of an LMS by using sequential and clustering analysis techniques. The usage behaviours of 268 teachers at a public university in China were extracted from the Blackboard platform over the course of one-semester. These behaviours were classified according to five different LMS behavioural types: (1) course and content; (2) assignment; (3) communication and collaboration; (4) assessment; and (5) administration. The results indicated that the most frequent teachers’ LMS usage behaviour was course and content followed by assessment and administration. The results of the sequential analysis indicated that most of the instructors are used to adopting communication and collaboration and assignment when they finish using course and content. In addition, three distinct usage behavioural pattern subgroups were named as teachers preferred assessment, teachers of regular use, and teachers of less use. Implications of these findings are discussed in the light of the university teachers’ behavioural patterns toward using the LMS.

Keywords


usage behaviour of teachers; learning management system; sequential analysis; cluster analysis; behavioural pattern mining

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Copyright (c) 2021 Chien-Yuan Su


International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET) – eISSN: 1863-0383
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