Fog Computing Based on Machine Learning: A Review

Fady Esmat Fathel Samann, Adnan Mohsin Abdulazeez, Shavan Askar


Internet of Things (IoT) systems usually produce massive amounts of data, while the number of devices connected to the internet might reach billions by now. Sending all this data over the internet will overhead the cloud and consume bandwidth. Fog computing's (FC) promising technology can solve the issue of computing and networking bottlenecks in large-scale IoT applications. This technology complements the cloud computing by providing processing power and storage to the edge of the network. However, it still suffers from performance and security issues. Thus, machine learning (ML) attracts attention for enabling FC to settle its issues. Lately, there has been a growing trend in utilizing ML to improve FC applications, like resource management, security, lessen latency and power usage. Also, intelligent FC was studied to address issues in industry 4.0, bioinformatics, blockchain and vehicular communication system. Due to the ML vital role in the FC paradigm, this work will shed light on recent studies utilized ML in a FC environment. Background knowledge about ML and FC also presented. This paper categorized the surveyed studies into three groups according to the aim of ML implementation. These studies were thoroughly reviewed and compared using sum-up tables. The results showed that not all studies used the same performance metric except those worked on security issues. In conclusion, the simulations of proposed ML models are not sufficient due to the heterogeneous nature of the FC paradigm.


Fog Computing; Machine Learning; IoT; Optimization

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International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (iJIM) – eISSN: 1865-7923
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