Enhancement and Segmentation of Medical Images Using AGCWD and ORACM

Kalyani Chinegeram, Ramudu Kama, Ganta Raghotham Reddy

Abstract


Images that are obtained in the real world in low contrast are inappropriate for human eyes to read the medical images. Enhancement and segmentation have an important role to play in digital image processing, pattern recognition, and the computer vision. Here, this paper presents an effective way of changing histograms and improving contrast in digital images. Segmentation is done on AGCWD enhanced images. Histogram equalization is an important technique for contrast enhancement. Nevertheless, modern Histogram Equalization commonly results in unnecessary contrast enhancement, which in turn offers an un-natural presence to the processed image and produces visual artifacts. We present an automated transformation technique that helps boost dimmed image brightness by gamma correction and weighted distribution, commonly known as Adaptive Gamma Correction Weighted Distribution (AGCWD). The contrast enhancement level can be modified using this technique; noise robustness, white or black stretching, and the protection of medium brightness can be easily integrated into the optimization process. Finally, a contrast enhancement algorithm with low complexity is introduced. All the process of enhancement will be done during the process of pre-processing the image. Later, in post-processing, we introduce a specific level set method known as ORACM for better segmentation of an enhanced AGCWD image, and it is compared with the traditional level set method.


Keywords


Image Enhancement, Histogram Equalization, AGCWD, Image Segmentation, ACM with SBGFRLS, ORACM Level Set Method.

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International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering (iJOE) – eISSN: 2626-8493
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