Laboratory as a Service (LaaS): a Novel Paradigm for Developing and Implementing Modular Remote Laboratories

Mohamed Tawfik, Christophe Salzmann, Denis Gillet, David Lowe, Hamadou Saliah-Hassane, Elio Sancristobal, Manuel Castro

Abstract


The increasing adoption of remote laboratories in education along with the shift from eLearning 2.0 towards eLearning 3.0, have demanded several considerations in their implementation and delivery format. In response to these needs, this contribution introduces a novel model, Laboratory as a Service (LaaS), for developing remote laboratories as independent component modules and implementing them as a set of loosely-coupled services to be consumed with a high level of abstraction and virtualization. LaaS aims to tackle the common concurrent challenges in remote laboratories developing and implementation such as inter-institutional sharing, interoperability with other heterogeneous systems, coupling with heterogeneous services and learning objects, difficulty of developing, and standardization. Beyond the academic context, LaaS will facilitate the incorporation of remote laboratories in the ecosystem of the ubiquitous smart things surrounding us, which increases everyday with the approaching Web of Things (WoT) and artificial intelligence era. This, in turn, will create a breeding ground for online control, experimentation, and discovery—in either formal or informal context and with neither temporal nor geographical constraints.

Keywords


component-based remote laboratories; LaaS; modular remote laboratories

Full Text:

PDF



International Journal of Online Engineering (iJOE) – eISSN: 1861-2121
Creative Commons License
Indexing:
Scopus logo Clarivate Analyatics ESCI logo IET Inspec logo DOAJ logo DBLP logo EBSCO logo Ulrich's logo Google Scholar logo MAS logo