A Routing Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks based on Vector Field Theory

Li Ming, Qian HuanYan


To standardize network load and increase throughput, a new scheme is proposed to analyze the routing of wireless sensor networks (WSNs). First, the WSN model was established based on field theory with vectors and operators to analyze the transfer process of message packets given that the source node in such networks is characterized by source points while the sink node can be regarded as a gathering point. Second, a vector routing algorithm was developed for a WSN that was modeled according to field theory. Finally, the WSN routing algorithm was simulated in given two scenarios; simulation results show that throughput can be significantly increased by choosing routes such that traffic is spread as uniformly as possible throughout the network.


Load Balancing, Multipath Routing, Vector Field Theory, Wireless Sensor Network

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International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering (iJOE) – eISSN: 2626-8493
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