Coverage Optimization Algorithm of Wireless Sensor Network Based on Mobile Nodes

Li Zhu, Chunxiao Fan, Huarui Wu, Zhigang Wen

Abstract


To reduce the blind zone in network coverage, we propose a coverage optimization algorithm of wireless sensor network based on mobile nodes. This algorithm calculates the irregularity of blind zone in network coverage and obtains the minimum approximate numerical solution by utilizing the quantitative relationship between energy consumption of related nodes and the position of the mobile nodes. After determining the optimal relative position of the mobile nodes, the problem of blind zone between the static nodes is addressed. Simulation result shows that the proposed algorithm has high dynamic adaptability and can address the problem of blind zone maximally. Besides increasing the network coverage, the algorithm also reduces the network energy consumption, optimizes network coverage control and exhibits high convergence.

Keywords


mobile node; Wireless Sensor Network; network coverage rate; static nodes; the blind zone

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International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering (iJOE) – eISSN: 2626-8493
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