An Efficient Localization Method for Mobile Nodes in Wireless Sensor Networks

Zhiyu Qiu, Lihong Wu, Peixin Zhang


With the development of electronic technology and communication protocols, wireless sensor network technology is developing rapidly. In a sense, the traditional static wireless sensor network has been unable to meet the needs of new applications. However, the introduction of mobile nodes extends the application of wireless sensor networks, despite the technical challenges. Because of its flexibility, the mobile wireless sensor network has attracted great attention, and even small, self-controlled mobile sensor devices have appeared. At present, mobile node localization has become one of the hotspots in wireless sensor networks. As the storage energy of wireless sensor network nodes is limited, and the communication radius is small, many scientists have focused their research direction on the location algorithm of mobile nodes. According to the continuity principle of mobile node movement, in this paper we propose an improved mobile node localization algorithm based on the Monte Carlo Location (MCL) algorithm, and the method can reduce the sampling interval effectively. First of all, this paper introduces the structure and classification of wireless sensor localization technology. Secondly, the principle of the Monte Carlo Location algorithm is described in detail. Thirdly, we propose an efficient method for mobile node localization based on the MCL algorithm. Finally, the effectiveness and accuracy of the new algorithm are verified by comparative analysis.


Wireless sensor network; Mobile node; Location algorithm; Monte Carlo Location

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International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering (iJOE) – eISSN: 2626-8493
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