Design of Photovoltaic Power Supply MPPT Circuit for WSN Node Based on Current Observation

Lieping Zhang, Yanlin Yu, Hang Ma, Yu Zhang, Peng Cao


In view of the problem of low energy collection efficiency and low efficiency of photovoltaic power supply modules in wireless sensor networks, a maximum power point tracking algorithm suitable for photovoltaic power supply of wireless sensor nodes is proposed. Firstly, the photovoltaic cell model is analyzed. Based on this, the traditional maximum power point tracking algorithm is analyzed. Combining with the advantages of disturbance observing method and load current maximization method, the problem of low working efficiency and low energy collection efficiency of functional modules is solved. Current observation method maximum power point tracking algorithm, and complete the relevant hardware circuit design. Experimental results show that the power consumption of MPPT circuit is low, and the efficiency caused by environmental factors is very small. The efficiency is kept above 90% and the overall system efficiency is about 87%, which provides a stable and reliable photovoltaic power supply for WSN nodes.


WSN Node; MPPT; Photovoltaic Power Supply; Current Observation

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International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering (iJOE) – eISSN: 2626-8493
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